Acne bacterias and porphyrins cause skin inflammation.


Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. While it’s often associated with the teenage years, adults can suffer from acne too. One of the lesser-known causes of acne-related skin inflammation is the presence of acne bacteria, specifically Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), and compounds known as porphyrins.

Acne Bacteria: Propionibacterium acnes

Propionibacterium acnes is a type of bacteria that’s naturally found on the skin. It’s a part of the skin’s microbiome—the community of microorganisms that inhabit the skin’s surface. In many people, P. acnes lives harmlessly on the skin, but under certain conditions, it can contribute to the development of acne.

Factors Contributing to P. acnes Growth:

1. Excess Sebum Production: The skin’s sebaceous glands produce an oily substance called sebum. When these glands produce too much sebum, it can create an environment where P. acnes thrives.

2. Clogged Pores: P. acnes can get trapped inside hair follicles when they’re clogged with excess sebum and dead skin cells. Inside these clogged pores, the bacteria can multiply quickly.

3. Inflammation: As P. acnes bacteria multiply, they can trigger an inflammatory response from the body. This can lead to the redness and swelling associated with acne pimples.

Porphyrins: A Byproduct with Inflammatory Potential

Porphyrins are a group of organic compounds produced as a byproduct by certain bacteria, including P. acnes. These molecules can play a role in the inflammation seen in acne for several reasons:

1. Photoactivation: Porphyrins are photoactive. When exposed to certain wavelengths of light, especially blue light, they can become activated and promote inflammation.

2. Oxidative Stress: The activated porphyrins can generate free radicals, leading to oxidative stress within the skin that aggravates inflammation.

3. Immune Response: The presence of porphyrins can prompt the body’s immune system to respond, further increasing inflammation and sometimes leading to the destruction of the wall of the hair follicle, resulting in more severe forms of acne such as cysts and nodules.

Addressing acne caused by P. acnes and porphyrins involves a multi-faceted approach:

1. Topical Treatments: Treatments can reduce the number of bacteria on the skin. Ingredients like Zinc PCA, Salicylic acid, Niacinamide are particularly effective because they have antibacterial properties and can reduce inflammation.

2. Retinoids: These vitamin A derivatives help prevent hair follicles from becoming clogged and can reduce the presence of P. acnes.

3. Phototherapy: Certain wavelengths of light, especially blue light therapy, can be used to activate and destroy porphyrins, reducing inflammation and bacterial growth.

4. Lifestyle Adjustments: Simple changes such as a balanced diet, reduced stress levels, and proper skincare hygiene can help manage the amount of sebum produced and prevent pore clogging.

5. Skin Care Regimen: Using non-comedogenic and gentle skin care products can prevent further irritation and inflammation. It is also recommended to use a foaming cleanser with exfoliating properties as our Glycolic B3 foam twice daily.

It’s important for individuals with acne to consult with a dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. The right approach will vary depending on the severity of the acne, the presence of P. acnes, and the individual’s skin type. Acne treatments can take time to be effective, and it’s crucial to follow a consistent skincare routine and adhere to the treatment regimen prescribed by a healthcare professional.

Related products: Glycolic B3 foam, ACN corrector, Reetinol 1.0, Niacinamide 5.0, F-ACN, F-NIACINAMIDE.